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​Navigating Mergers & Acquisitions in Ontario

At Berger Law, we understand the complexities of mergers and acquisitions (M&A). Our experienced M&A team provides comprehensive legal counsel to both buyers and sellers throughout the entire transaction lifecycle. The primary goal is to enhance the acquirer's strength and profitability through benefits like converting competitors into revenue sources, leveraging combined resources, and improving access to financing.

Our Areas of Expertise

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Deal Structuring

Optimize your transaction's outcome from the start. Our experienced legal team will analyze your specific goals and constraints to design a deal structure that maximizes value and minimizes risk. We'll consider tax implications, regulatory requirements, and commercial objectives to create a framework that aligns with your overall business strategy.  Whether you're pursuing a merger, acquisition, or divestiture, our expert guidance will set the stage for a successful transaction.

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Due Diligence

Thoroughly assess the risks and opportunities of your transaction. Our comprehensive due diligence process involves a meticulous review of financial, legal, and operational aspects. We'll identify potential liabilities, uncover hidden value, and verify critical information to ensure you make informed decisions. Our meticulous approach will empower you with the knowledge you need to negotiate effectively and close the deal with confidence.

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Drafting and Negotiating Agreements

Protect your interests with airtight agreements. Our skilled lawyers and legal drafters will craft precise and comprehensive agreements that clearly define the terms of your transaction. We'll negotiate strategically to ensure your rights are protected and your objectives are met.  Our experience with a wide range of transactions, including asset and share purchase agreements, will ensure a smooth and successful closing.

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Closing Asset, Share Purchase, and Sale Transactions

Seamlessly navigate the final stages of your transaction. Our team will guide you through the closing process, ensuring all legal requirements are met and all documents are properly executed. Trust us to handle the complexities of closing, so you can focus on realizing the benefits of your transaction.

Our Legal Process

Throughout the M&A process, it is crucial for the parties to comply with all applicable laws and regulations. Engaging experienced legal counsel is essential to ensure a smooth and successful transaction.

Planning and Due Diligence


For purchasers, our lawyers will conduct extensive research on the target company, assessing its financial, legal, and operational aspects. This due diligence process helps identify potential risks and negotiate the terms of the deal.

Negotiation and Agreement


The parties negotiate the terms of the M&A transaction, including the purchase price, structure of the deal, and other conditions. Our lawyers then draft a definitive agreement outlining the transaction's terms or review the agreement drafted by the other party.

Regulatory & Shareholder Approval


Approvals may be required from various authorities, which we will assist with.



Once all the conditions of the definitive agreement have been met, including regulatory approvals and shareholder votes, the transaction closes. This involves the transfer of ownership, payment of the purchase price, and other legal formalities.

Get in touch

Let's talk about your legal needs.

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Experience the Berger Law Group of M&A Lawyers

Teamwork and Collaboration

Berger Law fosters a collaborative work environment where our lawyers from different practice areas can work together seamlessly to provide comprehensive legal advice to clients.

Innovation and Adaptability

Berger Law stay abreast of the latest M&A trends and developments, our lawyers are able to adapt their strategies to meet the evolving needs of clients.

Client-Focused Approach

At Berger Law, we are dedicated to exceeding client expectations. We achieve this by providing personalized attention, prompt communication, and practical solutions tailored to each client's unique commercial objectives.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • How can we structure a reorganization to minimize tax liabilities?
    This involves careful planning with tax professionals well-versed in the nuances of corporate tax law. Key considerations include choosing the most tax-advantageous structure for the specific transaction, identifying potential tax traps to avoid, and strategically utilizing available tax benefits like the lifetime capital gains exemption, tax-deferred rollovers or net operating loss carryforwards.
  • Are there specific tax incentives or deductions available for certain reorganizations?
    Yes, tax laws change frequently, so staying up-to-date is crucial. A good tax advisor can help you navigate the complexities and identify relevant incentives for your specific situation. There are different options depending on your particular circumstances. You may have an opportunity to utilize or even multiply your capital gains exemption. You may be able to transfer the shares of your company to your children or grandchildren in a tax efficient way using new intergenerational tax planning provisions. You may have capital dividend account balance available for you to extract tax-free. Everything depends on your situation and goals.
  • What are the legal and regulatory requirements involved in corporate restructuring or reorganization, and how can I ensure compliance?
    The legal and regulatory requirements can vary depending on the specific circumstances of your restructuring or reorganization. It is essential to engage with our legal advisors first with specialization in corporate and tax law and have experience with similar transactions. Our lawyers will guide you through the necessary filings, registrations, and other compliance procedures to ensure you meet all legal obligations.
  • What are the potential tax implications of corporate restructuring or reorganization, and how can I optimize my tax position?
    Restructuring or reorganizing may or may not have immediate tax consequences. A lot of reorganization transactions can be done on a tax-deferred basis. However, sometimes it may be advantageous to trigger certain tax intentionally in circumstances where it may provide a greater benefit in the future. Everything depends on the circumstances.
  • What are the tax implications of an M&A transaction in Ontario?
    While M&A transactions can have significant tax consequences, including capital gains, income, and sales taxes, careful planning and structuring can optimize the tax outcome for both buyer and seller. Our firm's expertise in M&A tax law allows us to craft strategies that minimize tax liabilities and enhance the overall financial success of your transaction.
  • Should I sell my business?
    The answer to this is a combination of many factors. Ultimately, you have to decide whether it is the right time for you to sell your business. Reasons to sell your business may include retirement, interest in other ventures, or any other personal reasons. Obtaining legal and tax advice regarding a potential sale of your business sometimes can give you clarity in an otherwise uncertain situation.
  • Should I buy a business?
    This also depends on your particular circumstances but does have advantages. Instead of starting up a new business that has a good chance to not succeed, you may consider purchasing an already established and successful business. Usually a business owner provides a transition period in which they will help you learn and run the business. Speaking to experienced professionals will also provide you clarity as to what the right decision may be.
  • What are the common financing options for M&A transactions in Ontario?
    Common financing options include cash, debt financing (e.g., bank loans, bonds), equity financing (e.g., issuing shares), and combinations of these.
  • What are the potential risks and liabilities associated with an M&A transaction?
    Inaccurate valuations, regulatory hurdles, integration difficulties, and unforeseen liabilities are just some of the risks associated with M&A transactions. By leveraging our expertise in due diligence and contract negotiation, we can help safeguard your interests and maximize the success of your deal.
  • What are the different types of M&A transactions?
    Common types include mergers (combining two companies), acquisitions (one company buying another), asset sales (selling specific assets), and takeovers (acquiring control of a company).
  • How can a company prepare for an M&A transaction?
    Preparation involves organizing financial records, organizing business processes, conducting internal due diligence, identifying potential buyers or sellers, and developing a clear M&A strategy.
  • What is due diligence, and why is it important?
    Due diligence is the process of thoroughly investigating a target company's financial, legal, operational, and commercial aspects. It helps the buyer assess risks, uncover potential problems, and make informed decisions.
  • What are the benefits of incorporating a business?
    Incorporating a business offers several advantages. Limited liability protection shields the owners' personal assets from liability for business debts and lawsuits. This means that if the company encounters financial difficulties or is sued, creditors can only go after the corporation's assets, not the owners' personal wealth (like their homes, cars, or savings). Incorporation can also provide tax advantages depending on the business structure chosen. For instance, Canadian-controlled private corporations (CCPCs) may benefit from a lower corporate tax rate compared to the rate for unincorporated businesses. Additionally, incorporation facilitates easier access to capital. Corporations can raise funds by issuing stock, which allows them to attract investment from a broader pool of individuals and institutions.
  • How do I incorporate my business?
    The process of incorporating a business typically involves several steps: Choose a business name: Conduct a name search to ensure the desired name is available and complies with naming regulations in your jurisdiction. Select a business structure: Consult with a lawyer to determine the most suitable business structure for your company, considering factors like liability protection, tax implications, and ownership goals. Draft and file articles of incorporation: These documents outline the corporation's basic information, such as name, purpose, registered office address, and authorized share capital. The articles of incorporation are filed with the appropriate government agency in your jurisdiction. Develop corporate bylaws: Bylaws establish the internal governance rules of the corporation, including procedures for shareholder meetings, board of directors' duties, and officer elections. Hold an initial meeting of directors and shareholders: Conduct meetings to elect directors, appoint officers, and adopt the bylaws. Hiring a law firm to take care of all this greatly simplifies the process for you.
  • When might I need to amend my corporation's documents?
    Changes in business purpose: If your corporation significantly alters its core business activities, you may need to amend the articles of incorporation to reflect the new purpose. This is important for ensuring the corporation is operating within its legal authority and providing transparency to stakeholders. Corporate name change: If your company decides to operate under a new name, amendments to the articles of incorporation and any relevant bylaws are required. The process typically involves filing documents with the government and notifying stakeholders, such as customers, suppliers, and creditors. Registered agent update: The registered agent is a designated person or entity that receives legal documents on behalf of the corporation. Amending the corporate documents is necessary if you change your registered agent. Changes to share structure: Amending the articles of incorporation may be required if there are significant adjustments to the corporation's share structure. This could involve increasing or decreasing the authorized number of shares, creating new classes of shares with different rights and privileges, or undertaking other forms of corporate reorganization. Bylaw revisions: Bylaws can be amended to address various governance issues or adapt to evolving business needs. Examples include modifying voting procedures for shareholder meetings, changing the composition or responsibilities of the board of directors, or updating provisions regarding officer appointments and duties.
  • Why would companies amalgamate?
    Companies amalgamate to achieve synergistic benefits, combining resources and expertise to improve efficiency and reduce costs. Additionally, mergers enhance market power, allowing for greater influence in the industry and potentially higher profits. Finally, amalgamations offer opportunities for diversification, expansion into new markets, and acquisition of valuable assets and technologies. In the context of closely held companies, there may be tax and administrative reasons to amalgamate companies including loss utilization and the simplification of a corporate structure.
  • What key provisions should a shareholder agreement include?
    Share transfers: The agreement can address restrictions on share transfers, such as pre-emptive rights (giving existing shareholders the first chance to purchase shares offered for sale) or right of first refusal (giving existing shareholders the right to match an offer from a third-party buyer). It can also deal with the process of valuing shares in the event of a transfer. Decision-making processes: The agreement can establish procedures for voting on important matters, such as electing directors, approving major transactions, or amending the articles of incorporation. It can also address quorum requirements for meetings and deadlock resolution mechanisms in case of voting disputes. Dispute resolution mechanisms: The agreement can outline methods for resolving disagreements between shareholders, such as mediation or arbitration, to avoid costly and time-consuming litigation. Buy-sell provisions: These provisions establish a framework for buying or selling shares under certain circumstances, such as a shareholder's death, disability, or retirement. This can help ensure liquidity for shareholders who want to exit the company and protect the remaining shareholders from unwanted ownership changes. Other relevant matters: The agreement can cover a wide range of other topics depending on the specific needs of the corporation and its shareholders. This may include confidentiality obligations, non-competition clauses, dividend policies, and restrictions on the issuance of new shares.
  • When should I consult a lawyer for corporate and business law advice?
    Consulting a lawyer is recommended when starting or buying/selling a business, signing significant contracts, and dealing with legal disputes or intellectual property issues. Additionally, legal advice is crucial for navigating regulatory compliance, tax planning, corporate governance, employment law, and any uncertain or complex legal situation to ensure your business interests are protected and compliant with Canadian laws.
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